The mist of the mountains

2 megjegyzés:

  1. Instructors breezes expose Singapore business startup proposal task arrange for the customer, as well as corporation bank-account starting methods. This kind of task programs maps out simply by full week each and every step for you to startup completion, optimising visibility and placing Consumer objectives;
    Following your company composition will be arranged with our Consumer, Instructors will probably put together incorporation types with regard to customer trademark and courier come back. Thereafter Instructors legitimately features your Singapore business and instantly messages for you to out Consumer i) people report to the business and ii) your document of incorporation.
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  2. It was the aim of this paper to develop a framework for the development of effective e-learning strategies for tourism and hospitality education. To that end, the evolution of e-learning pedagogy and the theoretical underpinnings of different e-learning models were reviewed and analysed, while examples of their implementation in tourism and hospitality education were provided.
    Recent developments on the Internet are having a tremendous impact on the education process, transforming educational curricula, learning materials and instructional practices. Specifically, because of its enhanced interactivity, connectivity and convergence, the Internet is portrayed as an education delivery platform enabling students to receive and interact with educational materials and to engage with teachers and peers in ways that previously may have been impossible. The advantages of e-learning are widely mentioned, e.g. life-long learning opportunities, alleviating spatial and time constraints, catalyst for institutional transformation (Poehlein, 1996), while its applicability and benefits for tourism/hospitality education are now also starting to be recognised (Cho and Schmelzer, 2000; Christou and Sigala, 2000; Sigala 2001b; Kasavana, 1999). However, although an increasing number of tourism and hospitality educators are adopting and incorporating Internet tools in their instruction, only very few of them are fully exploiting the Internet’s capabilities to transform and extend their pedagogical models (Sigala and Christou, 2002). On the other hand, it is generally agreed that we are still in the experimental stage for creating Internet learning environments. This, coupled with the low completion and effectiveness rates of e-learning (Sigala, 2001a), makes it evident that more needs to be learned about designing successful online environments, technically, pedagogically and personally.
    Constructivism is an epistemology of how people learn and assimilate new knowledge, asserting that knowledge is acquired by a process of mental construction. According to Piaget (1977) the four processes of knowledge construction are as follows:
    1. Assimilation; associate new events with prior knowledge and conceptions;
    2. Accommodation; change existing structures to new information;
    3. Equilibrium; balance internal understanding with external ‘reality’ (e.g. other’s understanding);
    4. Disequilibrium; experience of a new invent without achieving a state of equilibrium.
    In short, people assimilate new knowledge by producing cognitive structures that are similar to the experiences they are engaged in. They then accommodate themselves to these newly developed knowledge structures and use them within their collection of experiences as they continue to interact with the environment. Thus, knowledge is not separate from, but is embedded within experiences and interpreted by the learner. King (1994) also advocated that knowledge is created by searching for complexity and ambiguity, looking for and making connections among aspects of a situation and speculation. Thus, people should think critically, have the ability of analyzing situations, search for evidence and seek links between a particular situation and their prior knowledge and experience.